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Which of the following could be an example of a conditioned response?

  • Being attacked by a dog
  • Having a chemical imbalance
  • Observational learning
  • Heredity

Hearing a dog bark and experiencing a rapid heart rate as a result of conditioning

This scenario is an example of classical conditioning, where Gina associates the sound of a barking dog with the fear and anxiety she experienced during her attack, leading to a conditioned response of an elevated heart rate. This is a form of learned behavior that occurs through repeated pairings of a neutral stimulus (the dog bark) with an unconditioned stimulus (the attack) to create a conditioned response (the fear response, i.e. an elevated heart rate).