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Question

Explain the concept of Situational Favorableness in contingency theory of leadership and discuss the three factors that affect it.

Answer

Situational favorableness in contingency theory of leadership refers to the degree to which a leader can influence and control the followers and the situation. This concept depends on three factors: leader-member relations, task structure, and position power. Leader-member relations are the quality of the interpersonal relationships between the leader and the followers. Task structure is the degree to which the tasks assigned to the followers are clear, specific, and structured. Position power is the amount of authority and influence that the leader has over the followers and the resources.

Situational favorableness is a concept in the contingency theory of leadership that refers to the degree to which a leader can influence and control the followers and the situation. Situational favorableness depends on three factors: leader-member relations, task structure, and position power. Leader-member relations are high when the leader is trusted, respected, and liked by the followers. Task structure is high when the tasks are well-defined, standardized, and easy to measure. Position power is high when the leader has the power to reward, punish, hire, fire, and assign tasks to the followers. The most effective leadership style depends on the situational favorableness. For example, a directive and task-oriented leadership style may be more effective in a situation that is either highly favorable or highly unfavorable for the leader, while a participative and relationship-oriented leadership style may be more effective in a situation that is moderately favorable for the leader.