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Question

When would the velocity of a wave traveling in a medium change ?

Answer

It is important to understand that the velocity of a wave is influenced by the particular medium that it is travelling through. The refractive index of the medium is a significant factor affecting the velocity of the wave. When the refractive index of the medium is high, the medium itself tends to be denser, resulting in a slower velocity of the wave. Conversely, when the refractive index is low, the medium tends to be less dense, resulting in a higher velocity of the wave.