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Question

help please! Analyze similarities and differences in the effects of imperialism in the following regions, East asia & The Middle East, during the period 1750 to 1990.

Answer

During the time period from 1750 to 1990, European powers exerted imperialistic interventions in East Asia and the Middle East. However, the effects of imperialism differed between these two regions. In terms of similarities, both regions experienced a loss of political and economic control to European powers. British, French, and Russian countries dominated and made these regions subject to political subjugation and economic exploitation. Additionally, both regions experienced significant cultural changes, with the introduction of Western ideas such as Christianity and democracy, significantly influencing traditional cultural practices. Finally, both regions faced social changes due to imperialist interventions, with East Asia experiencing forced labor and opium trade prevalent, leading to social dislocation and upheaval. In the Middle East, colonial rule led to the suppression of traditional social structures, leading to social conflicts and unrest. However, there were differences between East Asia and the Middle East in terms of the nature and impact of imperialism. In East Asia, Japan was able to modernize and resist European imperialism, while the Middle East faced imperialistic interventions by different European powers, leading to political fragmentation and instability. Imperialism had a more significant impact on political structures in the Middle East than in East Asia. European powers partitioned the Middle East, created new borders, and installed puppet governments. In contrast, Japan maintained its sovereignty and established a modern nation-state. Furthermore, imperialistic interventions played a crucial role in East Asia's economic development, leading to significant industrialization and modernization. However, colonial policies in the Middle East aimed to exploit resources rather than promote development, leading to stunted economic growth. In summary, while East Asia and the Middle East experienced cultural, social, and economic changes due to imperialistic interventions, there were significant differences in their effects on political and economic structures.