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Understanding what Science is, scientific knowledge and knowledge production is important, to support research studies. It is not possible to do research without knowing even in general lines such elements that constitute the process of research, of learning to think about research. However, in the view of some authors, the most common concepts about science are considered incomplete, as it is necessary to consider the historical context and the conditions to define science. Based on this assumption, analyze the statements below: I) The discoveries made and proven by man characterize science as a set of rational knowledge, certain or probable, obtained methodically systematized and verifiable, which make reference to objects of the same nature. II) Scientific experiences are a set of rational attitudes and activities, directed to systematic knowledge with a limited object, capable of

Answer

Science is an intellectual and practical activity that involves systematically studying the structure and behavior of the physical and natural world through observation and experimentation. Explanation: Science comprises a body of rational knowledge that is confirmed by experimentation. In some cases, scientific theories, conclusions, and assertions are certain or probable, as they are based on assumptions. However, scientific knowledge is predominantly rational, and it does not include historical ideas or metaphysical ideology. Therefore, some authors have argued that the prevailing notions about science are incomplete.